The Lithuanian taxation systemis based on direct taxes which are imposed on the incomes of Lithuanian citizens, residents and companies, but it also contains indirect taxes. One of the indirect taxes is the value added tax, which is applied to the consumers of goods and services while being collected by the suppliers of those goods and services.
The value added tax in Lithuania falls under the law with the same name which was introduced in 1960 and which went under several modifications over the years. The last amendment to the Value Added Tax Act was brought in 2002. Our company formation agents in Lithuania can offer more information on the VAT.
The rates of the VAT in Lithuania in 2021
The Lithuanian value added tax is imposed at various rates depending on the goods and services provided by companies operating here. If you want to open a company in Lithuaniaand you need advice on the categories of VAT that you will be liable to, you can refer to our consultants. The following VAT rates apply in Lithuania at the moment:
• the standard rate which applies to most products and services is established at 21%;
• a reduced rate of 9% applies to good and services like local transport and tourism services;
• a reduced rate of 5% applies to pharmaceutical products and medical equipment;
• a 0% rate applies to the import and export of intra-community products and international transport activities;
•a 0% VAT rate is also charged for Covid-19 vaccines or services related to medical diagnosis on Covid-19, and this VAT exemption will be applied by 31 December 2022.
In order to collect the VAT, companies in Lithuania must register with the tax authorities. Foreign investors can rely on our local advisors if they want to open a company in Lithuania. Our consultants can also help investors in the formalities concerning VAT registration in Lithuania.
Starting with 1st January 2021, electronic newspapers, magazines and other types of periodicals will benefit from a super reduced VAT rate, of only 1,5%; the same rule applies to printed materials where more than 4/5 of the entire publication contains paid advertising. Also, in 2021 (up until 31 December 2021), companies that provide hospitality services or sporting events will benefit from a reduced rate of 9%. For more details on other VAT news that can apply here, we invite you to address to our team of specialists in company formation in Lithuania.
What are the regulations on VAT registration in Lithuania?
Entities that are VAT payers will generally have to register for VAT in certain situations and after certain income levels are achieved. Those who will open a Lithuanian company will most likely have to be registered for VAT, and you can find out when this is required from our consultants.
According to theMinistry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania, entities that charge VAT on their services or products sold on the local market have to register for the payment of the VAT. However, VAT registration in Lithuania is mandatory only after the income obtained from business activities is above EUR 45,000 on a financial year.
We invite you to watch a short presentation on VAT in Lithuania:
Please mind that the requirement to register for VAT is not limited solely to Lithuanian tax resident entities, natural persons or legal entities. The VAT registration in Lithuania can become mandatory for foreign companies operating on the local market; in this case, they may need to obtain a non-resident VAT number. You should also know that the obligation to register for VAT is imposed in the case of intra-community acquisitions, where the minimum value is of EUR 14,000.
In certain situations, foreign entities trading goods or services on the Lithuanian market have to be registered for VAT purposes in order to provide information on the transactions that they have completed in this country. The obligation for VAT registration in Lithuania can appear in specific situations that are prescribed by theLithuanian tax law, as well as the EU’s directives of VAT. Some of the main scenarios are presented below:
•VAT registration is necessary when an entity imports goods into Lithuania from outside the European Union (EU);
• the procedure is mandatory when selling or buying goods on the Lithuanian market;
• one has to register when the activity of the company is to sell goods from Lithuania which are sold to other markets;
• the purchase of goods from other EU member states can lead to VAT registration in Lithuania;
• holding products in consignment or as inventory on the Lithuanian territory;
• the same applies to foreign companies selling goods on the internet to Lithuanian consumers.
What are the VAT compliance requirements in Lithuania?
Those who are legally required to proceed to VAT registration in Lithuania will have to comply with specific procedures, which are established for all VAT payers. First, one has to know that a tax period in Lithuania is the calendar month. However, the possibility of paying the VAT on a quarterly basis is also available for specific categories of taxpayers.
For instance, this applies to those who willopen a Lithuanian company as a services provider in the online environment. Companies in Lithuania may also need to submit an annual VAT return, provided that there is the need to calculate VAT adjustments. As a general rule, for a month where an entity has to pay VAT, the VAT return will be submitted by 25th of the next month.
Those will submit VAT returns on a quarterly basis are expected to submit the required papers by the 20th of the next month after the end of the tax period (for instance, for the period of January – March, which is known as the first quarter of the year, the VAT return for the entire period will be submitted by 20th April).
Legal entities that can submit semi-annual VAT returns have to prepare their VAT documents by the 25th of the first month following the end of a period (documents on activity of January-June will be submitted in July and for the period of July - December, in January, the next year).
However, for those that need to submit annual VAT returns, the period in which they can prepare the required documents that show what VAT adjustments have to be made, will be deposited by 1st October of the following year. If you need more information, you can rely on our team of consultants in company formation in Lithuania, who can explain at length other relevant matters concerning the obligations companies have on VAT returns. Our team can also help you in the process of opening a company in Lithuania, register for taxes and obtain the necessary business permits.
Complying with the VAT in Lithuania
In order to become VAT compliant, a Lithuanian company must register with the tax authorities when the company registers with the Trade Register or after a threshold of income has been reached. The company will be required to collect the VAT and forward it to the tax authorities by filing monthly VAT reports with the local tax office.
In order to collect the VAT, the company is required to issue invoices which indicate the rate and the amount of money collected as a value added tax. Lithuanian companies must also comply with the EU’s directive related to the payment and collection of the VAT. For accounting services related to the VAT and assistance in setting up a company in Lithuania, please contact our local company registration representatives. Our team can also help with services for VAT registration in Lithuania.
Call us now at +37061578743to set up an appointment with our lawyers in Vilnius, Lithuania. Alternatively you can incorporate your company without traveling to Lithuania.
As our client, you will beneficiate from the joint expertize of local lawyers and international consultants. Together we will be able to offer you the specialized help you require for your business start-up in Lithuania.